What to do if Snake Bite Someone? here is a complete analysis of snake bike and first aid you can give to them.

Snakebite refers to the bite of a snake bite into the flesh, especially a wound caused by a snake bite through or near a snake’s tooth that secretes venom. After being bitten by a non-venomous snake, it is like treating a wound the size of a needle eye . A bite by a venomous snake may be very serious, depending on the size of the injured person, the location of the bite, the amount of snake venom injected, the speed at which the venom is absorbed into the patient’s blood circulation, and the length of time between the bite and the application of a specific anti-venom serum.

Snakebite disease overview

Snake


There are 2,500 species of snakes in the world, of which more than 650 are venomous snakes, threatening a vast area of ​​one billion people. It is estimated that more than 300,000 people are bitten by venomous snakes each year, and the death rate is about 10%. The annual incidence of snake bites is about 25 per 10,000. There are more than 160 species of snakes in Pakistan, of which there are about 50 species of venomous snakes, and 10 species are highly venomous and harmful, such as cobras , golden ring snakes, five step snakes, coral snakes, vipers, and belly Snakes, green bamboo leaves, iron heads, sea snakes, etc. can cause death after being bitten. These venomous snakes appeared in the forests, mountains, and grasslands.
Easy to be bitten by venomous snakes during step and military training. The heads of venomous snakes are mostly triangular, the neck is thin, the tail is stubby, the color spots are brighter, the mouth is wide when biting, and the teeth are longer. Two rows of deep and thick tooth marks are often left on the bite of a venomous snake. When it is impossible to determine whether a person is injured by a snake, press the snake bite as first aid.

Disease description

snake biting

Snakes are classified into two types: non-venomous (ordinary) snakes and venomous snakes. Ordinary snake bites leave only small tooth marks on the skin of the human body, with mild tingling, and some can cause small water scars without systemic reactions. It can be disinfected with 70% alcohol and wrapped with gauze, generally without adverse consequences. A poisonous snake bite can leave a pair of deep tooth marks on the wound. The inherent snake venom enters the tissues and enters the lymph and bloodstream, which can cause serious poisoning. Must be treated first aid .

Snake bite symptoms and signs

man bitten by a snake

Ordinary snake bites leave only small tooth marks on the skin of the human body, with mild tingling, and some can cause small water scars without systemic reactions. A poisonous snake bite can leave a pair of deep tooth marks on the wound.
There are two rows of deep and thick tooth marks locally, bleeding, pain, redness and swelling, and spread to the proximal end of the body. The nearby lymph nodes are swollen, tender, and blistered. Systemic symptoms include fever, chills, dizziness, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, blurred vision, nose bleeding, convulsions, coma, arrhythmia, dyspnea, paralysis, heart and kidney failure in severe cases.

Pathophysiology

green snake

Snake venom contains toxic proteins, peptides and enzymes, which can be classified into three categories according to their effects on the human body:

  1. Neurotoxicity first numbs the wound and spreads to the proximal side, causing dizziness, blurred vision , drooping eyes, slurred speech, paralysis of the limbs , difficulty swallowing and breathing, etc.; it can finally lead to respiratory and circulatory failure.
  2. Blood circulation toxins can cause the wound to swell and pain, and spread to the proximal side, and adjacent lymph nodes also have swelling and pain; and cause chills and fever , heart rate and arrhythmia, irritability or delirium, as well as purpura skin, hematuria and oliguria , Yellow stains, etc.: Eventually, it can lead to failure of the heart, kidneys, and brain.
  3. Mixed poisons have both the effects of nerve poison and blood circulation poison, but the mixed poisons of cobra and viper have different effects on nerves and blood circulation.

first aid

first aid kit

Prevent the spread and absorption of pain

After being bitten by a poisonous snake, do not panic and run around. This will cause the toxin to spread rapidly throughout your body. Injured should immediately sit or lie down, or call others to help, and immediately fasten the protective end of the wound with strings such as string shoes and trousers that can be found. If a finger is bitten, tie the base of the finger; palm or foreskin itching can be tied at the elbow joint; toe bites can be tied to the root of the toe; a foot or calf may be tied under the knee joint; pumpkin bites can be tied to the root of the pumpkin. The purpose is to prevent binding toxins to the venous and lymphatic heart, without interfering with arterial blood supply and heestasis for different purposes. Therefore, the banding does not need to be too tight, and its stiffness should be controlled to weaken the arteries of the lower limbs. After tying the belt, loosen it every 30 minutes or so, every 1-2 minutes, so that it does not interfere with blood circulation and cause tissue necrosis

Remove toxins of snake immediately

Quickly wash the wound and surrounding skin with cold boiled water, spring water, soapy water or a 1: 5000 potassium permanganate solution to wash away the toxins on the wound surface. If there are any toxic teeth left in the wound, they should be immediately selected with a knife or broken glass and other sharp objects. It is best to burn it so that you do not use germs before using it. Make a cross hole with a toothpick as a center, penetrate deep into the skin, and repeatedly press from the end of the organ to the direction of the wound and around the wound to encourage toxins from the wound, and wash with water while squeezing wounds. -30. After that, if you carry a cup of tea, you can put a cup on the wound. First, light a small paper ball in a cup of tea, then quickly wrap the mouth of the cup into the wound, bring the cup’s mouth closer to the skin around the wound, and then apply the negative pressure exerted on the cup to remove the toxin. If you do not have a teacup, you can also use your mouth to absorb toxins. However, the mouth and lips of the sucking person should be free of damage or tooth decay, otherwise there is a risk of poisoning. The toxin is removed, and after sucking, rinse your mouth with water.

After removing the toxin from the body, the wound should be immersed in water to facilitate the flow of toxins. It should be noted that snake venom is highly toxic and can cause death for very little money. Therefore, we should not refuse to cut the wound and detox for fear of pain. If you have snake bites nearby, you can quickly take them out of the body. If the patient is thirsty, give them enough water to drink. Never give alcoholic beverages to prevent the poison from spreading quickly. Injured people who have received dehydration and detoxification should be transported to the hospital in a frame or car as soon as possible. After arriving at the clinic, they should first wash the wound with a solution of 0.05% potassium permanganate or 3% hydrogen peroxide; remove the remaining venomous snake teeth; For deep, cut the dermis lightly, or pierce the skin layer with a triangular needle in the swollen area, and use a dial or breast pump to absorb part of the toxin; The pancreatic egg has a direct effect of the release of toxins from the snake’s body, and can take 2000- Add 6000U to 0.05% procaine or 10-20ml of water by injection to close the side or side of the wound. It can be repeated after 12-24 hours. To avoid dangerous situations that can be treated in the wild. Take away the patient’s fears and keep quiet during the referral.

Treatment plans


First aid for snake bites


It strengthens the biting limbs quickly in the scene, such as foot itching, tying the ankle and calf in two ways, and tightens it to prevent the return of toxic blood and lymphatic return. Dip the wound in cold water. Retrograde squeezing allows part of the toxin to be excreted. You can also drink the wound (there is no mouth ulcer in the sucker), and then wash your mouth. During travel, use cold water to moisten the wound, and the bandage should be loosened every 2-3 minutes (to avoid excessive congestion).
After reaching the medical unit, first wash the wound with 0.05% potassium permanganate solution or 3% hydrogen peroxide; remove the remaining venomous snake teeth; if the wound is deep, cut the skin lightly, or pierce the swelling area with a triangular needle. The skin layer then absorbs the can of canned or breast pump to promote the release of the toxin component; Pancreatic egg has a direct effect of detoxification from the enzyme, and 2000-6000U can be added to 0.05% procaine or 10-20ml of injection fluid, closed The wound can be repeated around or near after 12-24 hours.

Treatment for snake bite

doctor with patient


Medicine Snake medicine is an effective Chinese medicine for treating snakebite bites. There is Nantong snake tree, Shanghai snake tree, Guangzhou snake tree (Xiaosheng), etc .; can be taken orally or locally, and other injections. See the User Manual. In addition, there are some new remedies that work effectively for snake bites, such as horse chestnut, octagonal lotus, lobelia, yellow field stalk, and oldenlandia diffusa.


There are two types of antivenom, monovalent and multivalent. Monovalent antivenin has a better effect on known snake bites. Be a allergy test before use, the results of the injection application reduction application.


Antiretroviral drugs can be used to prevent and treat joint infections.


Measures Consistent treatment measures should be taken for physical imbalances or panic attacks. In addition, pressure on the central nervous system, muscle relaxants: epinephrine and anticoagulants are not allowed during treatment.

Health Tips

girls jogging


Prevention is the key:
Preventing snake bites

  1. Increase knowledge of first aid and rescue after identifying poisonous snakes and biting venom.
  2. Kill rats and locusts to cut snake food, and use drugs to kill poisonous snakes.
  3. Do not go to places where there may be poisonous snakes. If you go, you should wear boots, socks, hats, and use sticks to scare away snakes, if possible on seeing a poisonous snake walking around.

Notice

  1. If you are bitten by a snake, first sit down and cut back on exercise to avoid high blood pressure.
  2. Try to identify the type of snake. If it is believed to have been a venomous snake, and the bite time is less than 5 minutes, and it takes more than 30 minutes for medical personnel to arrive, the wound should be cut open and the venom removed.
  3. Wash the wound gently with soap and water. Do not rub the wound, wrap it gently with a cloth to dry. If you need to move a patient, you should lift it instead of letting it go on its own.

Precaution

  1. Increase knowledge of first aid and rescue after identifying poisonous snakes and biting venom.
  2. Kill rats and locusts to cut snake food, and use drugs to kill poisonous snakes.
  3. Do not try to catch or bite snakes a bit, as snakes can hurt people if they are angry.
  4. In areas where there is a lot of venomous snakes, it is best to wear thick trousers, leather boots, and socks. It is best to tie trousers and boots, wear a hat on the head, and hold lighting equipment; do not wear bare feet or just slippers. Seeing a poisonous snake walking around.
  5. Do not install hollow logs or dense weeds or twist stones at will without checking in detail; when stepping on rocks or wood, you should be careful to prevent venomous snakes from sitting on the other side.
  6. Employees who often come in contact with venomous snakes should pay attention to safe operation and carry anti-toxic serum.
  7. When camping, you should choose an open and dry area to camp. Avoid tents near a pile of rubbish. At night, you should light a campfire or a torch outside the camp, especially on a summer night.
  8. Try not to roam or swim in areas where venomous snakes are found, as most venomous snakes do not swim, and there may be venomous snakes in the water.
  9. If you have been bitten by a snake, first sit down and cut back on exercise to avoid high blood pressure.
  10. Try to identify the type of snake. If it is believed to have been a venomous snake, and the bite time is less than 5 minutes, and it takes more than 30 minutes for medical personnel to arrive, the wound should be cut open and the venom removed.
  11. Wash the wound gently with soap and water. Do not rub the wound, wrap it well with a cloth to dry. If you need to move a patient, you should lift it instead of letting it go on its own.

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